On this day in 1942, mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose was posthumously awarded the 2017 Turing Award by the International Association for the Study of computation. The Doodle shown here on Sunday, October 27, 2017, is a tribute to the late Indian-American mathematician. The International Association for the Study of computations (IASSC) is an international body which focuses on research and education about computing and its applications. In honour of its 60th anniversary in 2016, the organization has decided to name one person each year who has made an outstanding contribution to computing.

On this day in 1942, Satyendra Nath Bose died at the age of 28 from tuberculosis while serving with the Indian Army. It was his aspiration that he would be remembered as a soldier and not just as an Indian or a scientist or a mathematician but all three at once. The Doodle shows an image of him with his initials superimposed over those of Alan Turing, a Georgian-born British cryptanalyst who worked for Britain’s wartime Government Code and Cypher School. Both sat beneath Bose’s name in 2018 when they were jointly awarded the Turing Award.

Bose is best known for his achievements in number theory—the study of numbers—and game theory; he also wrote many other books and articles on these subjects. In mathematical circles, there’s no shortage of feuds and counterrevolutions these days; so it’s good that mathematicians can give one another – possibly even blacken

**What does Bose mean?**

Bose was an Indian-American mathematician and computer scientist who along with Albert Einstein, was one of the most significant figures in the early development of computers. He is best known for inventing the Bose-Einstein condensation, which helped to establish the existence of the discrete and continuous parts of mathematics. His work in number theory earned him the 1930 Fields Medal and his work in complexity helped to settle the theory of partial orders in computer science. In 1942, Bose was posthumously awarded the Turing Award by the International Association for the Study of computation for his work on the foundations of finite Mathematics.

**About Satyendra Nath Bose**

Bose was born on September 18, 1906, in Pune, Maharashtra, India as Satyendra Nath Bose. His father was a government accountant and his mother was a housewife. He was the second of six children born to the couple. When Satyendra was seven years old, his father died, and the family was left with no income. When Satyendra was 15, he passed the Indian Civil Service examination, and after serving for a few years in the Revenue department in Pune, he left for the University of Chicago, where he gained his degree in 1928. He then returned to India and worked as a research mathematician at the Central Statistical Institute, Mumbai. Satyendra Nath Bose died on May 6, 1941, of tuberculosis, at the age of 28.

**His impact on India**

At the age of 19, Satyendra Nath Bose went to India to pursue his mathematical interests. The following year, he became the first Indian to win the Ganesh Prize, an award given each year to an outstanding mathematician in India. He was also the first Indian to receive the Tata Lecture, which is given to a distinguished scientist each year. In 1932, Satyendra Nath Bose was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the reaction of various organic compounds with metals. He is also known as the ‘Father of Modern Mathematics in India’.

**His posthumous recognition in 2018**

On this day in 2018, the International Association for the Study of computations (IASSC) honoured Satyendra Nath Bose with a Doodle. The Doodle showed a picture of Bose with the words, **“In memory of Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian-American mathematician who made significant contributions to mathematics and computer science. A true polymath, Satyendra Nath Bose also wrote books on games, psychology, and economics.”**

**The IASSC’s decision to honour Bose**

The IASSC’s decision to honour Satyendra Nath Bose was triggered by the death of the mathematician in May 1941, when he was 28 years old. At the time of his death, Satyendra Nath Bose was working on a theory to unify number theory, geometry and algebra. The organization said in its announcement of the decision, “Bose’s accomplishments as a researcher and as a scientist in fields related to computation are truly impressive.

Bose invented the concept of ‘Bose-Einstein condensation, which is a way to model the propagation of light in discrete and continuous modes. He also worked on the foundations of mathematics and computer science, and his contributions to each of these areas are considerable. Bose is also known for his dedication to programming. He wrote several articles on methods and algorithms, and one of his works is a book on programming. Bose is a polymath, and his work in many areas is both innovative and important.”

**The Doodle on Satyendra Nath Bose**

The Doodle on Satyendra Nath Bose, which is shown below, is the brainchild of IASSC President and Chief Scientist Dr K. Ravi Shankar. The purpose of the Doodle is to celebrate the work of the mathematician, whose birthday falls on this day. The Doodle uses different colours to represent the mathematics, physics, and computer science concepts found in his books. It is written in the style of a mathematical equation, but the main idea is that of the discrete and continuous parts of mathematics. The image is accompanied by the words,** “In memory of Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian-American mathematician who made significant contributions to mathematics and computer science. A true polymath, Satyendra Nath Bose also wrote books on games, psychology, and economics.”**

**A tribute to Satyendra Nath Bose**

This is what Dr K. Ravi Shankar, IASSC President and Chief Scientist had to say about Satyendra Nath Bose: “Bose was a true polymath, and his work in many areas is both innovative and important. Among his many contributions, the most significant may well be the discovery of Bose-Einstein condensation, which is a way to model the propagation of light in discrete and continuous modes. It is often referred to as ‘bicubic light propagation’, after the equation that describes it. Bose also worked on the foundations of mathematics and computer science, and his contributions to each of these areas are considerable.

Satyendra Nath Bose was born on September 18, 1906, in Pune, India as Satyendra Nath Bose. He passed his childhood and adolescence in Pune and studied at St. Xavier’s College. After graduation, he worked as a staff accountant in Madras and then in Calcutta before moving to the United States in 1925 to pursue a career in mathematics. Satyendra Nath Bose was married and had one child. He died of tuberculosis on May 6, 1941, at the age of 28 in New York City.”

**The IASSC’s decision to award Satyendra Nath Bose the Turing Award**

The IASSC’s decision to award Satyendra Nath Bose the Turing Award was unanimous. It was made after a closed-door meeting of the association’s members on May 28, 2018, during which the decision was unanimously adopted. The Turing Award honours scientists and researchers who have made significant contributions in the field of computing. It is named after the English mathematician and logician, who was a pioneer in creating model systems to investigate the behaviour of natural systems.

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The Turing Award was first presented to Alan Turing, who worked as a cryptanalyst during World War II. Turing developed the Turing Test to measure the capability of computers to pass as human beings. After the war, Turing continued his work as a cryptanalyst with the British Military Signal Intelligence Service. The IASSC has now celebrated the memory of Satyendra Nath Bose by awarding the Turing Award to the following seven people.

“In the field of mathematics and computer science, Satyendra Nath Bose was a true polymath, and his work in many areas is both innovative and important. Among his many contributions, the most significant may well be the discovery of Bose-Einstein condensation, which is a way to model the propagation of light in discrete and continuous modes. Also, he worked on the foundations of mathematics and computer science, and his contributions to each of these areas are considerable.

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